Low back pain and discomfort is extremely common during
pregnancy. Studies have shown that anywhere from 50
to 80% of pregnant women suffer from low back pain.
This number rises with multiple pregnancies, as women
age, and if there has been a history of prior low back pain.
The severity of pain and disability experienced with pregnancy
can range but most women report moderate to severe low
back pain, particularly as the pregnancy progresses.
Many women seek alternatives to medical care in the
form of massage, acupuncture, and chiropractic
treatment to help manage their low back pain.
Chiropractic care is a safe and extremely effective
treatment in the care of pregnancy related low back pain.
WHAT CAUSES LOW BACK PAIN
There are several causes attributed to why women
experience low back pain during pregnancy but most
commonly it is a combination of these factors that
are to blame. The first and likely most significant are
structural changes that occur in the spine and
pelvis as the pregnancy progresses. As the
baby grows, the load distribution on the low back
and pelvis changes leading to dysfunction in
these joints and surrounding tissues. As the mother
gains weight throughout pregnancy, the stress
experienced at the sacroiliac joint of the pelvis increases
leading to pain and dysfunction. Similarly, as the
fetus grows and projects forward, the curvature of the low back
changes to accommodate and leads to an increase in stress of
the joints and discs of the spine. Both of these changes can
account for pain felt during pregnancy, especially during the third trimester when weight gain and fetus size changes significantly.
Secondly, as a woman progresses through pregnancy several hormones are released into circulation to prepare and aid the body in the birthing process. Specifically Relaxin, which is released in large amounts during the first and third trimesters, prepares the pelvis for birth by ‘relaxing’ the ligaments and joints to allow for the baby to proceed down the birth canal. This process decreases the stability and support of the sacroiliac and low back joints leading to pain, discomfort, and increased muscle tightness.
HOW CAN CHIROPRACTIC HELP?
Chiropractic care during this time can help alleviate the stress and pain experienced due to these changes. Studies have shown that approximately 80% of women seeking chiropractic care during pregnancy report pain relief and improvement. Chiropractic care not only relieves pain, but several studies have shown that women who receive regular chiropractic treatments during pregnancy experience a 25% short labour time and a decrease risk of experiencing ‘back labour’ than those women who do not. Regular chiropractic care throughout pregnancy has also been shown to positively affect the labour and birthing process through a decrease in medical interventions, use of forceps, and cesarean sections. Chiropractic treatment during pregnancy is safe and effective. Through chiropractic adjustments proper biomechanics and function of the low back and pelvis can be reached to allow a smooth and comfortable pregnancy and birthing process.
For more information on Chiropractic care during pregnancy please contact the clinic at 905-544-5688.